Prospective Evaluation of Carvedilol in Prevention of Cardiac Toxicity in Patients with Metastatic HER-2+ Breast Cancer, Phase III
18 Years and older, Male and Female
This phase III trial studies how well carvedilol works in preventing cardiac toxicity in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-2-positive breast cancer that has spread to other places in the body. A beta-blocker, such as carvedilol, is used to treat heart failure and high blood pressure, and it may prevent the heart from side effects of chemotherapy.
I. To assess whether prophylactic beta blocker therapy with carvedilol compared with no intervention reduces the risk of subsequent cardiac dysfunction in patients with metastatic breast cancer receiving trastuzumab–based HER-2 targeted therapy.
I. To assess whether prophylactic beta blocker therapy with carvedilol compared with no intervention reduces the risk of predefined subsequent cardiac events in patients with metastatic breast cancer receiving trastuzumab–based HER-2 targeted therapy.
II. To evaluate if prophylactic carvedilol compared with no intervention results in a longer time to first interruption of trastuzumab–based HER-2 targeted therapy due to either cardiac dysfunction or events.
III. To assess whether prophylactic beta blocker therapy with carvedilol compared with no intervention reduces the risk of subsequent cardiac dysfunction OR events in this population.
IV. To establish and prospectively collect a predefined panel of baseline core cardiovascular measures and develop a predictive model of cardiac dysfunction.
V. To evaluate the rate of cardiac dysfunction in an observational arm consisting of individuals otherwise eligible for the study except for use of beta blockers, angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), or angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors for other medical reasons.
I. To evaluate the isoleucine (lle) 655 valine (Val) and and alanine (Ala)ll70 proline (Pro) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the HER-2 gene as a predictive biomarker of study-defined cardiac dysfunction.
II. To evaluate plasma neuregulin-1 at baseline and over study time as a predictive biomarker of study-defined cardiac dysfunction.
III. To evaluate the feasibility of performing serial left ventricular strain in a National Clinical Trials Network (NCTN) group setting, with the goal of 75% of patients contributing both a baseline and at least one follow-up strain measurement.
IV. To bank blood for future translational medicine studies such as brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), additional SNPs, and high sensitivity troponin.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms. Patients taking beta blocker, ARB, or ACE inhibitor at registration are assigned to Arm III.
ARM I: Patients not taking beta blocker, ARB, or ACE inhibitor at registration receive carvedilol orally (PO) twice daily (BID). Courses repeat every 12 weeks for 108 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients not taking beta blocker, ARB, or ACE inhibitor at registration receive no study intervention for up to 108 weeks.
ARM III: Patients undergo observation for up to 108 weeks.
After completion of study, patients are followed up for up to 108 weeks.
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**Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. These studies test new ways to prevent, detect, diagnose, or treat diseases. People who take part in cancer clinical trials have an opportunity to contribute to scientists’ knowledge about cancer and to help in the development of improved cancer treatments. They also receive state-of-the-art care from cancer experts... Click here to learn more about clinical trials