National Cancer Institute “Cancer Moonshot Biobank”
Plasma cell neoplasm
13 Years and older, Male and Female
This trial collects multiple tissue and blood samples, along with medical information, from cancer patients. The “Cancer Moonshot Biobank” is a longitudinal study. This means it collects and stores samples and information over time, throughout the course of a patient’s cancer treatment. By looking at samples and information collected from the same people over time, researchers hope to better understand how cancer changes over time and over the course of medical treatments.
I. To support current and future investigations into drug resistance and sensitivity and other National Cancer Institute (NCI)-sponsored cancer research initiatives through the procurement and distribution of multiple longitudinal biospecimens and associated data from a diverse group of cancer patients who are undergoing standard of care treatment at NCI Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP) sites.
I. To provide a service of value to study participants and their medical providers through the performance of molecular profiling assays on tumor samples in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA)-certified laboratory and reporting of results to physicians and patients that they may opt to use in clinical management, including analysis of data for acquired resistance mechanisms.
II. To enable the development of patient-derived models such as cell lines and xenografts for cancer researchers through the provision of biospecimens from 20% of study participants to the NCI’s Patient Derived Models Repository (PDMR), a national resource available to investigators.
III. To develop and implement robust approaches in patient and provider engagement to improve understanding of biobanking and its relationship to cancer research and increase representation of minority and underserved study participants in cancer research.
IV. To develop increased capabilities in United States (U.S.) community hospitals and clinics for contribution to cancer research through biobanking activities.
V. To enable secondary research generated from the project through deposition of data in public repositories such as Cancer Research Data Commons (CRDC), The Cancer Imaging Archive (TCIA) and database of Genotypes and Phenotypes (dbGAP), including clinical, radiology and pathology data with an emphasis on treatment response and outcome data.
VI. To provide residual biospecimens and associated data from the project to the cancer research community.
Patients undergo collection of tissue and blood samples prior to initiation of treatment, during treatment, and at disease progression. Patients with hematological malignancies also undergo collection of bone marrow and cerebral spinal fluid at the same time points. Archival blood and tissue, as well as bone marrow of patients with hematological malignancies, is also collected, if available. Patient medical records are reviewed, and data is collected for at least 10 years.
- Is consistent with OR has been diagnosed with one of the following:
* Colorectal cancer: Stage IV
* Non-small cell or small cell lung cancer: stage III/IV
* Prostate cancer: metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer
* Gastroesophageal cancer: stage IV
* Melanoma: clinical stage IV with pathologic stage III OR clinical stage IV
* Acute myeloid leukemia
* Multiple myeloma
** For the purposes of this study, re-staging is allowed
- Patient should fit in one of the following four clinical scenarios (a-d)
* Undergoing diagnostic workup for one of the diseases listed for which treatment will likely include a new regimen of standard of care therapy OR
* Scheduled to begin treatment with a new regimen of standard of care therapy OR
* Currently progressing on a regimen of standard of care therapy OR
* Currently being treated with a regimen standard of care therapy, without evidence of progression
- Requirements for fresh tissue biospecimen collections at enrollment:
* For clinical scenarios a, b, and c above, freshly collected tumor tissue or bone marrow aspirate must be submitted at enrollment
** For clinical scenarios a and b, the fresh tissue collection must be prior to starting therapy
** For clinical scenario a, the biospecimen collection must be part of a standard of care medical procedure
** For clinical scenarios b or c, the biospecimen collection may be part of a standard of care medical procedure OR
** The biospecimen collection may be part of a study-specific procedure (“research only biopsy”), when the patient has a tumor amenable to image guided or direct vision biopsy and is willing and able to undergo a tumor biopsy for molecular profiling
*** Note: For research-only biopsies, the biopsy must not be associated with a significant risk of severe or major complications or death; the procedure cannot be a mediastinal, laparoscopic, open or endoscopic biopsy; nor can the procedure be a brain biopsy; nor can the patient be under the age of majority as determined by each U.S. state
- Requirements for archival tissue:
* For clinical scenarios a and b above, archival tissue as outlined below must be submitted IF AVAILABLE
* For clinical scenarios c and d above, archival tissue as outlined below is REQUIRED
* Pre-existing archival material (formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded [FFPE] block, bone marrow aspirate, or unstained slides) that:
** Contains the cancer type for which the participant is enrolled, and
** Was collected no more than 5 years prior to initiation of therapy, and
** Contains at least a surface area of 5 mm^2 and optimum surface area of 25 mm^2 or 3-5 mL cryopreserved bone marrow aspirate to yield 200 million bone marrow mononuclear cells, and
** No more than 1 line of standard of care systemic therapy was administered from the date of archival material collection to the date of initiation of therapy
- Requirements for blood collection: ALL scenarios require fresh blood collection at enrollment
- Age 13 or older
- Any sex and any gender
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) of 0, 1, or 2
- Ability to understand and willingness to sign an informed consent document. Consent may be provided by a Legally Authorized Representative (LAR) in accordance with 45 CFR 46.102(i)
Treatment Sites in Georgia
1100 Johnson Ferry Road
Sandy Springs, GA 30342
404-256-4777 ext 9242www.gacancer.com
960 Johnson Ferry Road
Atlanta, GA 30342
**Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. These studies test new ways to prevent, detect, diagnose, or treat diseases. People who take part in cancer clinical trials have an opportunity to contribute to scientists’ knowledge about cancer and to help in the development of improved cancer treatments. They also receive state-of-the-art care from cancer experts... Click here to learn more about clinical trials