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Testing the Combination of Cediranib and Olaparib in Comparison to Each Drug Alone or Other Chemotherapy in Recurrent Platinum-Resistant Ovarian Cancer

Status
Closed
Cancer Type
Gynecologic Cancers
Ovarian Cancer
Primary Peritoneal Cancer
Trial Phase
Phase II
Phase III
Eligibility
18 Years and older, Female
Study Type
Treatment
NCT ID
NCT02502266
Protocol IDs
NRG-GY005 (primary)
NCI-2015-00651
Study Sponsor
NRG Oncology

Summary

This randomized phase II/III trial studies how well cediranib maleate and olaparib work when given together or separately, and compares them to standard chemotherapy in treating patients with ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer that has returned (recurrent) after receiving chemotherapy with drugs that contain platinum (platinum-resistant) or continued to grow while being treated with platinum-based chemotherapy drugs (platinum-refractory). Cediranib maleate and olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking enzymes needed for cell growth. Chemotherapy drugs work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving cediranib maleate and olaparib together may cause more damage to cancer cells when compared to either drug alone or standard chemotherapy.

Objectives

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:
I. To assess the efficacy and identify (in)active arm(s) of the combination of cediranib maleate (cediranib) and olaparib, cediranib alone, olaparib alone, and physician's choice standard of care chemotherapy, as measured by progression-free survival (PFS) in the setting of recurrent platinum-resistant or-refractory ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer. (Phase II)
II. To assess the efficacy of the combination of cediranib and olaparib, and cediranib monotherapy, as measured by overall survival (OS) and PFS, as compared to physician's choice standard of care chemotherapy in women with recurrent platinum-resistant or-refractory ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer. (Phase III)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:
I. To assess the efficacy of the combination of cediranib and olaparib, cediranib alone, olaparib alone, and physician's choice standard of care chemotherapy, as measured by objective response rate (ORR: partial or complete response) by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria, in the setting of recurrent platinum-resistant or-refractory ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer. (Phase II)
II. To assess safety endpoints, as measured by frequency and severity of adverse events by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE). (Phase II and Phase III)
III. To assess the efficacy of the combination of cediranib and olaparib, and cediranib monotherapy, as measured by ORR as compared to physician’s choice standard of care chemotherapy in the setting of recurrent platinum-resistant or-refractory ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer. (Phase III)

OBJECTIVES WITH INTEGRATED BIOMARKERS:
I. To assess correlation of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) status, as assessed via BROCA-HR assay with response, as measured by PFS and ORR. (Phase II)
II. To evaluate the prognostic and predictive role of circulating endothelial cells (CEC) on comparative effectiveness of targeted therapies and reference chemotherapy. (Phase II)
III. To evaluate quality of life data compliance, as measured by the 9-item Disease Related Symptoms (DRS-9) subscale of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)-Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT) Ovarian Symptom Index (NFOSI) for utilization and analysis in the Phase III study. (Phase II)
IV. To assess correlation of HRD status, as assessed via BROCA-HR assay with response, as measured by OS, PFS and ORR. (Phase III)
V. To evaluate the prognostic and predictive role of circulating endothelial cells (CEC) on comparative effectiveness of targeted therapies and reference chemotherapy. (Phase III)
VI. To assess the effect on disease-related symptoms (DRS) as measured by the 9-item DRS-P subscale of the NCCN-FACT Ovarian Symptom Index-18 (NFOSI-18), of single agent cediranib and cediranib/olaparib combination, compared to standard chemotherapy, in the setting of recurrent platinum-resistant or-refractory ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer. (Phase III)

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:
I. To assess exploratory biomarkers of potential HRD, including genomic scarring, BRCA1 methylation, BRCA1 protein expression, and mutations in NHEJ, and other genes that might modify HRD. (Phase II and Phase III)
II. To evaluate the prognostic and predictive role of angiogenic biomarkers, as assessed by the Duke plasma angiome. (Phase II and Phase III)
III. To assess the effect on secondary measures of quality of life, as assessed by the treatment side effects (TSE) and function/well-being (F/WB) subscales of the NFOSI-18, sensory neuropathy as measured by the FACT/GOG-Ntx-4, and health utility as measured by the EQ-5D, of single agent cediranib and cediranib/olaparib combination, compared to standard chemotherapy, in the setting of recurrent platinum-resistant or-refractory ovarian, primary peritoneal or fallopian tube cancer. (Phase III)

OUTLINE:

PHASE II: Patients are randomized to 1 of 4 treatment arms.

ARM I (REFERENCE REGIMEN): Patients undergo physician's choice of standard of care chemotherapy, comprising either paclitaxel intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 every 28 days (Regimen I); pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride IV on day 1 every 28 days (Regimen II); or topotecan hydrochloride IV on days 1, 8, and 15 every 28 days or days 1-5 every 21 days (Regimen III). Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. No modification of the assigned regimens, such as additional drugs (gemcitabine, or bevacizumab) is allowed. (12/05/2016)

ARM II (CEDIRANIB MALEATE AND OLAPARIB): Patients receive cediranib maleate orally (PO) once daily (QD) and olaparib PO twice daily (BID). Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM III (CEDIRANIB): Patients receive cediranib maleate PO daily continuously. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM IV (OLAPARIB): Patients receive olaparib PO BID on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. (In July 2018, the Data Monitoring Committee voted to exclude the olaparib alone regimen).

PHASE III: Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms.

ARM I (REFERENCE REGIMEN): Patients undergo physician's choice standard of care chemotherapy as in Phase II Arm I. No modification of the assigned regimens, such as additional drugs (gemcitabine or bevacizumab) is allowed. (12/05/2016)

ARM II (CEDIRANIB AND OLAPARIB): Patients receive cediranib maleate PO and olaparib PO as in Phase II Arm II.

ARM III (SINGLE AGENT): Patients receive cediranib maleate PO as determined by the Phase II study. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for up to 3 years.

Eligibility

  1. Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed ovarian cancer, peritoneal cancer or fallopian tube cancer and must have a histological diagnosis of either serous or endometrioid cancer based on local histopathological findings; both endometrioid and serous histology should be high-grade for eligibility of non-mutation carriers; patients with clear cell, mixed epithelial, undifferentiated carcinoma, or transitional cell carcinoma histologies are also eligible, provided that the patient has a known deleterious germline BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation identified through testing at a clinical laboratory * Note: Due to the long acceptance of BRCA testing through Myriad, Myriad testing will be accepted; if testing for BRCA is done by other organizations, documentation from a qualified medical professional (e.g., ovarian cancer specialty physician involved in the field, high risk genetics physician, genetics counselor) listing the mutation and confirming that the laboratory results showed a recognized germ line deleterious BRCA 1 or BRCA 2 mutation or BRCA rearrangement is required; a copy of Myriad or other BRCA mutational analysis (positive or variants of unknown significance [VUS] or negative) reports will be requested but not required for study enrollment
  2. Patients should have recurrent platinum-resistant or- refractory disease - defined as disease that has progressed by imaging while receiving platinum or had recurrence within 6 months of the last receipt of platinum-based chemotherapy; rising CA125 only is not considered as platinum-resistant or refractory disease
  3. Phase II study: measurable disease by RECIST 1.1 criteria; if archival tumor sample is not available tumor sample from fresh biopsy is acceptable
  4. Phase III study: evaluable disease - defined as RECIST 1.1 measurable disease OR non-measurable disease (defined as solid and/or cystic abnormalities on radiographic imaging that do not meet RECIST 1.1 definitions for target lesions OR ascites and/or pleural effusion that has been pathologically demonstrated to be disease-related in the setting of a cancer antigen [CA]125 >= 2 x upper limit of normal [ULN])
  5. No more than 3 prior treatment regimens (including primary therapy; no more than 1 prior non-platinum based therapy in the platinum-resistant/-refractory setting); hormonal therapies used as single agents (i.e. tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitors) will not count towards this line limit
  6. Patients may not have had a prior anti-angiogenic agent in the recurrent setting; prior use of bevacizumab in the upfront or upfront maintenance setting is allowed
  7. Patients may not have previously received a PARP-inhibitor
  8. Patient must have provided study specific informed consent prior to study entry
  9. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1 or 2
  10. Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  11. Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  12. Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL
  13. Total bilirubin within =< 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) institutional limits
  14. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3 x institutional ULN; if intrahepatic liver metastases are present, AST and ALT must be =< 5 times institutional ULN
  15. Creatinine =< 1.5 x the institutional ULN
  16. Urine protein: creatinine ratio urine protein creatinine (UPC) of =< 1 OR less than or equal to 2+ proteinuria on two consecutive dipsticks taken no less than 1 week apart; UPC is the preferred test; patients with 2+ proteinuria on dipstick must also have a 24-hour urine collection demonstrating protein of =< 500 mg over 24 hours
  17. Toxicities of prior therapy (excepting alopecia) should be resolved to less than or equal to grade 1 as per CTCAE; patients with long-standing stable grade 2 neuropathy may be considered after discussion with the study chair.
  18. Adequately controlled blood pressure (systolic blood pressure [SBP] =< 140; diastolic blood pressure [DBP] =< 90 mmHg) on maximum of three antihypertensive medications; patients must have a BP of =< 140/90 mmHg taken in the clinic setting by a medical professional within 2 weeks prior to starting study; it is strongly recommended that patients who are on three antihypertensive medications be followed by a cardiologist or a primary care physician for management of BP while on protocol; patients must be willing and able to check and record daily blood pressure readings; blood pressure cuffs will be provided to patients randomized to cediranib alone and the combination of olaparib and cediranib arms
  19. Adequately controlled thyroid function, with no symptoms of thyroid dysfunction and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) within normal limits
  20. Able to swallow and retain oral medications and without gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses that would preclude absorption of cediranib or olaparib
  21. Age >= 18 years
  22. Cediranib has been shown to terminate fetal development in the rat, as expected for a process dependent on VEGF signaling; for this reason, women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to study entry; women of child-bearing potential must agree to use two reliable forms of contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 6 weeks after cediranib discontinuation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  23. Olaparib adversely affects embryofetal survival and development in the rat; for this reason, women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to study entry; women of child-bearing potential must agree to use must agree to use two reliable forms of contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 3 months after the last dose of olaparib; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately

Treatment Sites in Georgia

Atlanta Cancer Care - Alpharetta


3400 C Old Milton Parkway
Suite 400
Alpharetta, GA 30005
770-777-1315
www.atlantacancercare.com

Atlanta Cancer Care - Conyers


1498 Klondike Road
Suite 106
Conyers, GA 30094
404-303-3355
www.atlantacancercare.com

Atlanta Cancer Care - Cumming


1505 Northside Boulevard
Suite 4600
Cumming, GA 30041
770-205-5292 x1041
www.atlantacancercare.com

Atlanta Cancer Care - Decatur


2545 Lawrenceville Highway
Suite 300
Decatur, GA 30033
404-303-3355
www.atlantacancercare.com

Atlanta Cancer Care - Stockbridge


7813 Spivey Station Boulevard
Suite 210
Jonesboro, GA 30236
678 466-2069
www.atlantacancercare.com

Atlanta Cancer Care - Tower


5670 Peachtree Dunwoody Road
Suite 1100
Atlanta, GA 30342
404-303-3355
www.atlantacancercare.com

Atlanta Gynecologic Oncology


980 Johnson Ferry Road
Suite 900
Atlanta, GA 30342
404-303-3355
www.geraldfeuer.com

Augusta University Medical Center


1120 15th Street
Augusta, GA 30912
706-721-4430
www.augustahealth.org

Emory University Hospital - Midtown


550 Peachtree Street NE
Atlanta, GA 30308
404-686-4411
www.emoryhealthcare.org

Georgia Cancer Specialists - Athens


125 King Avenue
Suite 200
Athens, GA 30606
www.gacancer.com

Georgia Cancer Specialists - Canton


228 Riverstone Drive
Canton, GA 30114
www.gacancer.com

Georgia Cancer Specialists - CenterPointe


1100 Johnson Ferry Road
Suite 600
Sandy Springs, GA 30342
404-256-4777 ext 9242
www.gacancer.com

Georgia Cancer Specialists - Kennestone


790 Church Street
Suite 335
Marietta, GA 30060
www.gacancer.com

Georgia Cancer Specialists - Macon-Coliseum


308 Coliseum Drive
Suite 120
Macon, GA 31217
478-745-6130 x8152
www.gacancer.com

Georgia Cancer Specialists - Stemmer


2712 Lawrenceville Highway
Decatur, GA 30033
770-496-5555
www.gacancer.com

Georgia Gynecologic Oncology


980 Johnson Ferry Road
Suite 910
Atlanta, GA 30342
404-303-3355
www.ggo-atl.com/

Northside Hospital Cancer Institute


1000 Johnson Ferry Road NE
Atlanta, GA 30342
404-303-3355
www.northside.com

Northside Hospital Cancer Institute - Forsyth


1200 Northside Forsyth Drive
Suite 140
Cumming, GA 30041
404-303-3355
www.northside.com

Piedmont Hospital - Atlanta


1968 Peachtree Road, NW
Atlanta, GA 30309
www.piedmont.org

University Gynecologic Oncology


960 Johnson Ferry Road
Suite 130
Atlanta, GA 30342
404-303-3355
www.ugynonc.com

WellStar Cobb Hospital


3950 Austell Road
Austell, GA 30106
770-793-5980
www.wellstar.org

WellStar Kennestone Hospital


677 Church Street
Marietta, GA 30060
770-793-5980
www.wellstar.org

WellStar North Fulton Hospital


3000 Hospital Boulevard
Roswell, GA 30076
770-751-2556
www.wellstar.org

Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University


1365 Clifton Road NE
Building C
Atlanta, GA 30322
404-778-5180
winshipcancer.emory.edu

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Georgia CORE is a statewide nonprofit that leverages partnerships and innovation to attract more clinical trials, increase research, and promote education and early detection to improve cancer care for Georgians in rural, urban, and suburban communities across the state.