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A Randomized Phase III Trial of Adjuvant Therapy Comparing Doxorubicin plus Cyclophosphamide Followed by Weekly Paclitaxel with or without Carboplatin for Node-Positive or High-Risk Node-Negative Triple-Negative Invasive Breast Cancer

Status
Active
Cancer Type
Breast Cancer
Trial Phase
Phase III
Eligibility
18 and over, Male and Female
Study Type
Biomarker/Laboratory analysis
Treatment
NCT ID
NCT02488967
Protocol IDs
NRG-BR003 (primary)
NCI-2015-00128
NRG-BR1428
Study Sponsor
NRG Oncology

Summary

This randomized phase III trial studies how well doxorubicin hydrochloride and cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel with or without carboplatin work in treating patients with triple-negative breast cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, paclitaxel, and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether doxorubicin hydrochloride and cyclophosphamide is more effective when followed by paclitaxel alone or paclitaxel and carboplatin in treating triple-negative breast cancer.

Objectives

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether the addition of carboplatin to an adjuvant chemotherapy regimen of doxorubicin (doxorubicin hydrochloride)/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel will improve the invasive disease-free survival (IDFS) compared to doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel when administered to patients with operable node-positive or high-risk node-negative triple-negative breast cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether the addition of carboplatin to an adjuvant chemotherapy regimen of doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel will improve the overall survival (OS) compared to doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel when administered to patients with operable node-positive or high-risk node-negative triple-negative breast cancer.

II. To determine whether the addition of carboplatin to an adjuvant chemotherapy regimen of doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel will improve the breast cancer-free survival (BCFS) compared to doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel when administered to patients with operable node-positive or high-risk node-negative triple-negative breast cancer.

III. To determine whether the addition of carboplatin to an adjuvant chemotherapy regimen of doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel will improve the recurrence-free interval (RFI) compared to doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel when administered to patients with operable node-positive or high-risk node-negative triple-negative breast cancer.

IV. To determine whether the addition of carboplatin to an adjuvant chemotherapy regimen of doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel will improve the distant recurrence-free interval (DRFI) compared to doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel when administered to patients with operable node-positive or high-risk node-negative triple-negative breast cancer.

V. To determine the toxicity of doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel administered concurrently with carboplatin compared to the toxicity of doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel alone.

VI. To determine if germline breast cancer (BRCA) status is associated with benefit in IDFS or OS from the addition of carboplatin to an adjuvant chemotherapy regimen of doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel in patients with operable node-positive or high-risk node-negative triple-negative breast cancer.

VII. To determine if the addition of carboplatin will improve the RFI among the homologous recombination (HR) deficient patients as determined by the homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) score.

VIII. To determine whether the efficacy of carboplatin on RFI in HR-deficient patients differs from that in patients who are not HR-deficient.

IX. To collect tissue and blood samples at several occasions for future biomarkers development in predicting risk of breast cancer recurrence in patients with operable node-positive or high-risk node-negative triple-negative breast cancer treated with doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel with or without carboplatin and predicting benefit from the addition of carboplatin among these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I (DOXORUBICIN HYDROCHLORIDE [A] CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE [C]-->WEEKLY PACLITAXEL [WP]): Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 15 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive paclitaxel IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats weekly for 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II (AC-->WP + CARBOPLATIN): Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride and cyclophosphamide as in Arm I. Patients then receive paclitaxel IV over 60 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and carboplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 5 years and then every 12 months for 5 years.

Treatment Sites in Georgia

Atlanta Cancer Care - Conyers


1498 Klondike Road
Suite 106
Conyers, GA 30094
404-303-3355
www.atlantacancercare.com

Doctors:

Richard A. Carter MD

Atlanta Cancer Care - Decatur


2545 Lawrenceville Highway
Suite 300
Decatur, GA 30033
404-303-3355
www.atlantacancercare.com

Doctors:

Lijo Simpson MD

Atlanta Cancer Care - Stockbridge


7813 Spivey Station Boulevard
Suite 210
Jonesboro, GA 30236
678 466-2069
www.atlantacancercare.com

Doctors:

Gurinderjit K. Sidhu MD
Lijo Simpson MD

Cancer Center at DeKalb Medical Center


2675 North Decatur Road
Suite 410
Decatur, GA 30033
404-501-7789
www.dekalbmedical.org

Doctors:

Jayanthi Srinivasiah MD

Emory Decatur


2701 North Decatur Road
Suite 609
Decatur, GA 30033
www.drqmd.com

Georgia Cancer Center at Augusta University


1411 Laney Walker Boulevard
Augusta, GA 30912
www.augusta.edu/cancer/

Georgia Cancer Specialists - CenterPointe


1100 Johnson Ferry Road
Suite 600
Sandy Springs, GA 30342
404-256-4777 ext 9242
www.gacancer.com

Doctors:

Rodolfo E. Bordoni MD
Pradeep C. Jolly MD

Georgia Cancer Specialists - Macon-Coliseum


308 Coliseum Drive
Suite 120
Macon, GA 31217
478-745-6130 x8152
www.gacancer.com

Doctors:

Cheryl F. Jones MD
Premila Malhotra MD

Harbin Clinic Cancer Center


255 West Fifth Street
Rome, GA 30165
706-528-9110
www.harbinclinic.com

Low Country Cancer Care Associates, PC


225 Candler Drive
Suite 201
Savannah, GA 31405
www.lcccsav.com

University Cancer and Blood Center, LLC - Athens Medical Oncology


3320 Old Jefferson Road
Building 700
Athens, GA 30607
706-353-2990 x279
www.universitycancer.com

**Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. These studies test new ways to prevent, detect, diagnose, or treat diseases. People who take part in cancer clinical trials have an opportunity to contribute to scientists’ knowledge about cancer and to help in the development of improved cancer treatments. They also receive state-of-the-art care from cancer experts... Click here to learn more about clinical trials.
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Georgia CORE is a statewide nonprofitthat leverages partnerships and innovation to attract more clinical trials, increase research, and promote education and early detection to improve cancer care for Georgians in rural, urban, and suburban communities across the state.