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Randomized Phase II/III Trial of Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation with or without Hippocampal Avoidance for Small Cell Lung Cancer

Status
Active
Cancer Type
Lung Cancer
Trial Phase
Phase II
Phase III
Eligibility
18 and over, Male and Female
Study Type
Biomarker/Laboratory analysis
Treatment
NCT ID
NCT02635009
Protocol IDs
NRG-CC003 (primary)
NCI-2015-01548
Study Sponsor
NRG Oncology

Summary

This randomized phase II/III trial studies how well whole-brain radiation therapy works and compares it with or without hippocampal avoidance in treating patients with small cell lung cancer that is found in one lung, the tissues between the lungs, and nearby lymph nodes only (limited stage) or has spread outside of the lung in which it began or to other parts of the body (extensive stage). Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. The hippocampus is part of the brain that is important for memory. Avoiding the hippocampus during whole-brain radiation could decrease the chance of side effects on memory and thinking. It is not yet known whether giving whole-brain radiation therapy is more effective with or without hippocampal avoidance in treating patients with small cell lung cancer.

Objectives

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine whether the 12-month intracranial relapse rate following hippocampal avoidance (HA)-prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) is non-inferior compared to the rate following PCI for patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). (Randomized Phase II Component [Non-Inferiority])

II. Determine whether HA-PCI reduces the likelihood of 6-month deterioration from baseline in Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT)-Revised (R) delayed recall compared to PCI for patients with SCLC. (Phase III Component [Efficacy])

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Compare time to cognitive failure, as measured by a battery of tests (HVLT-R, Controlled Oral Word Association [COWA] test, and Trail Making Test [TMT] parts A and B), after PCI versus HA-PCI in SCLC.

II. Compare time to cognitive failure as separately measured by each test (HVLT-R for Total Recall and Delayed Recognition, COWA test, and TMT parts A and B), after PCI versus HA-PCI for SCLC.

III. Compare patient-reported cognitive functioning and other quality of life domains (assessed by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC] Quality of Life Questionnaire [QLQ]-Core [C]30 and BN20) between PCI versus HA-PCI for patients with SCLC.

IV. Compare overall survival after PCI versus HA-PCI for patients with SCLC.

V. Compare 12-month intracranial relapse rate (at completion of phase III) and time to intracranial relapse after PCI versus HA-PCI for patients with SCLC.

VI. Evaluate adverse events according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) criteria.

VII. Correlate changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) domains with changes in cognitive testing outcomes following PCI versus HA-PCI for patients with SCLC.

VIII. Assess cost-effectiveness of HA-PCI (modulated radiation therapy [MRT]) and PCI (3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy [3DCRT]) using the EuroQol (EQ)-5-Dimensions (5D)-5L.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Collect serum and whole blood for future translational research analyses.

II. Evaluate baseline magnetic resonance (MR) imaging biomarkers of white matter injury and hippocampal volumetry as potential predictors of cognitive decline and differential benefit from HAPCI as compared to PCI.

III. Compare levels of hopefulness between PCI versus HA-PCI for patients with SCLC.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients undergo PCI using 3DCRT daily for 2 weeks.

ARM II: Patients undergo PCI with HA using IMRT daily for 2 weeks.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, then every 6 months until 3 years and then annually until death.

Treatment Sites in Georgia

Emory University Hospital - Midtown


550 Peachtree Street NE
Atlanta, GA 30308
404-686-4411
www.emoryhealthcare.org

Georgia Cancer Specialists - CenterPointe


1100 Johnson Ferry Road
Suite 600
Sandy Springs, GA 30342
404-256-4777 ext 9242
www.gacancer.com

Doctors:

Rodolfo E. Bordoni MD
Pradeep C. Jolly MD

Grady Memorial Hospital


80 Jesse Hill Jr. Drive, SE
Atlanta, GA 30303
www.gradyhealth.org

Northside Hospital Cancer Institute


1000 Johnson Ferry Road NE
Atlanta, GA 30342
404-303-3355
www.northside.com

Study Coordinator:
Renee Gaiter
404-303-3355

Doctors:

W. Hamilton Williams MD
Edmund Simon MD

Northside Hospital Cancer Institute - Forsyth


1200 Northside Forsyth Drive
Suite 140
Cumming, GA 30041
404-303-3355
www.northside.com

Doctors:

Edmund Simon MD

Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University


1365 Clifton Road NE
Building C
Atlanta, GA 30322
404-778-5180
winshipcancer.emory.edu

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