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A Study of Selpercatinib (LY3527723) in Participants With RET-Mutant Medullary Thyroid Cancer

Cancer Type
Head and Neck Cancer
Neuroendocrine Tumor
Thyroid Cancer
Unknown Primary
Trial Phase
Phase III
12 Years and older, Male and Female
Study Type
Protocol IDs
17478 (primary)
Study Sponsor
Loxo Oncology, Inc.


The reason for this study is to see if the study drug selpercatinib is safe and more
effective compared to a standard treatment in participants with rearranged during
transfection (RET)-mutant medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) that cannot be removed by surgery or
has spread to other parts of the body. Participants who are assigned to the standard
treatment and discontinue due to progressive disease have the option to potentially crossover
to selpercatinib.


Adaptive sample size re-estimation will be performed at interim analysis. The sample size
could be increased from approximately 250 to 400 depending on the results of interim


  1. - At least 18 years of age (participants as young as 12 years of age will be allowed if permitted by local regulatory authorities). - Histologically or cytologically confirmed, unresectable, locally advanced and/or metastatic MTC and no prior history of treatment with kinase inhibitors for advanced/metastatic disease. - Radiographic progressive disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 at screening compared with a previous image taken within the prior 14 months as assessed by the BICR. Participants with measurable or non-measurable but evaluable disease are eligible; however, participants with non-measurable disease may not have disease limited to bone sites only. - A defined/acceptable RET gene alteration identified in a tumor, germline deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or blood sample. - Tumor tissue in sufficient quantity to allow for retrospective central analysis of RET mutation status - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 0 to 2. - Adequate hematologic, hepatic, and renal function and electrolytes. - Men and women of childbearing potential must agree to use a highly effective contraceptive method during treatment with study drug and for 4 months following the last dose of study drug. - Ability to swallow capsules. Exclusion Criteria: - An additional validated oncogenic driver in MTC if known that could cause resistance to selpercatinib treatment. Examples include, but are not limited to RAS or BRAF gene mutations and NTRK gene fusions. - Symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases, leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, or untreated spinal cord compression. - Clinically significant active cardiovascular disease or history of myocardial infarction within 6 months, history of Torsades de pointes, or prolongation of the QTcF >470 milliseconds on more than one electrocardiogram (ECG) during screening. Participants who are intended to receive vandetanib if randomized to the control arm are ineligible if QTcF is >450 milliseconds. - Active uncontrolled systemic bacterial, viral, or fungal infection or serious ongoing uncontrolled intercurrent illness. - Active hemorrhage or at significant risk for hemorrhage. - Other malignancy unless nonmelanoma skin cancer, carcinoma in situ or malignancy diagnosed =2 years previously and not currently active. Participants with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) associated pheochromocytoma may be eligible.

Treatment Sites in Georgia

Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University

1365 Clifton Road NE
Building C
Atlanta, GA 30322

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Advancing Cancer Care through Partnerships and Innovation

Georgia CORE is a statewide nonprofit that leverages partnerships and innovation to attract more clinical trials, increase research, and promote education and early detection to improve cancer care for Georgians in rural, urban, and suburban communities across the state.