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Intergroup Trial for Children or Adolescents With B-Cell NHL or B-AL: Evaluation of Rituximab Efficacy and Safety in High Risk Patients

Status
Temporarily Closed
Cancer Type
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Trial Phase
Phase II
Phase III
Eligibility
18 and under, Male and Female
Study Type
Biomarker/Laboratory analysis
Treatment
NCT ID
NCT01595048
Protocol IDs
ANHL1131 (primary)
NCI-2012-01963
CDR0000732604
U10CA098543
COG-ANHL1131
Study Sponsor
Children's Oncology Group

Summary

This randomized phase II/III trial studies how well giving combination chemotherapy with or without rituximab works in treating younger patients with stage III or stage IV non-Hodgkin lymphoma or B-cell acute leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibody, such as rituximab, can block cancer cells growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. It is not yet known whether giving combination chemotherapy together with rituximab is more effective in treating patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma or B-cell acute leukemia.

Objectives

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. For the patients with advanced stage B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)/Burkitt leukemia (B-AL) (stage III and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) > Nx2, any stage IV or B-AL), to test whether adding 6 injections of rituximab to standard LMB chemotherapy regimen, improves the event-free survival (EFS) compared with LMB chemotherapy alone. (Phase III) II. For patients with primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBL), to evaluate the EFS following treatment with the regimen dose-adjusted (DA)-etoposide, prednisone, vincristine sulfate, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride (EPOCH), and rituximab. (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To study the complete remission (CR) rate and the overall survival (OS). II. To evaluate safety on all study arms including toxic deaths, adverse events recorded using the National Cancer Institute (NCI)-Common Terminology Criteria (CTC) V4 (non-hematological toxicity grade 3, infections grade 3 to 5), cardiac toxicity (CTC grade 2-5 and evolution of left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] and left ventricular shortening fraction [LVSF]), number of days with platelets transfusion, intensive-care unit admission, number of days with red cells transfusion, and rituximab infusion reactions.

III. To study the rate of patients with immunoglobulin (Ig; G, A, and M) levels abnormally low and lymphocyte count abnormally low at 1 year and until 5-year follow-up, to study the need for Ig infusions, and levels of post (previous and re-) vaccination antibodies at 1 year.

IV. To study long-term (at least 5 years) risks of the use of rituximab plus chemotherapy compared with LMB chemotherapy alone in children with advanced stage B-NHL/B-AL (all events related [certain and probable] to therapy). (Phase III) V. To study the long-term risk of DA-EPOCH-R regimen, especially the cardiac risk related to doxorubicin given at higher dose than usual in children, but infused over 96 hours (i.e., evaluation of CTC grade 2-5 and evolution of LVEF and LVSF). (Phase II)

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To obtain data on positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) scan in childhood pediatric B-cell NHL. (Exploratory) II. To evaluate the potential prognostic value of Minimal Disseminated Disease (MDD) and Minimal Residual disease (MRD) in correlation with outcome. (Exploratory - Phase III) III. To perform an economic study comparing the cost-effectiveness ratio between 2 therapeutic strategies: LMB chemotherapy with versus without rituximab. (Exploratory - Phase III) IV. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of rituximab in combination with LMB chemotherapy in a subset of patients. (Exploratory - Phase III)

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Phase II (patients with PMLBL): Patients receive rituximab IV on day 1; prednisone orally (PO) twice daily (BID) or IV on day on days 1-5; etoposide IV continuously on days 1-4; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV continuously on days 1-4; vincristine sulfate IV continuously on days 1-4; and cyclophosphamide IV on day 5. Patients also receive filgrastim subcutaneously (SC) once daily (QD) beginning on day 6 until blood count recovers. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Phase III: Patients are stratified according to National Group (COG vs SFCE vs UK NCRI CCL CSG vs AIEOP vs BSPHO vs DCOG vs SEHOP vs PPLLSG vs Hungarian Society of Pediatric Oncologist and Pediatric Hematologist), histology (large cell vs non large cell [Burkitt, atypical Burkitt, B-AL, or L3-AL]), and chemotherapy group (1 vs 2). Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups.

Group 1 (pre-phase central nervous system [CNS]-negative, cerebral spinal fluid [CSF]-negative): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; cyclophosphamide IV over 15 minutes on day 1; prednisone PO BID or methylprednisolone IV on days 1-7; methotrexate intrathecally (IT) and hydrocortisone IT on day 1. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

Arm I (R-COPADM induction therapy): Beginning 8 days later, patients receive rituximab IV on day 1; vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; prednisone PO BID or methylprednisolone IV on days 1-5; methotrexate IV over 3 hours on day 1; leucovorin calcium PO every 6 hours on days 2-4; cyclophosphamide IV over 15 minutes on days 2-4; doxorubicin hydrochloride over 1 hour on day 2; and methotrexate IT and hydrocortisone IT on days 2 and 6. Treatment repeats every 18-21 days for 2 courses. Consolidation therapy (R-COPADM): Patients receive rituximab IV on day 1; methotrexate IV over 3 hours on day 1; leucovorin calcium PO every 6 hours on days 2-4; cytarabine IV continuously on days 2-6; methotrexate IT on day 2; hydrocortisone IT on days 2 and 7; and cytarabine IT on day 7. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses.

Arm II (COPADM induction therapy): Beginning 8 days later, patients receive vincristine sulfate, prednisone or methylprednisolone, methotrexate, leucovorin calcium, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, methotrexate IT, and hydrocortisone IT as in arm I. Treatment repeats every 18-21 days for 2 courses.

Consolidation therapy (COPADM): Patients receive methotrexate IV over 3 hours on day 1; leucovorin calcium PO every 6 hours on days 2-4; cytarabine IV over 12 hours on days 2-6; methotrexate IT on day 2; hydrocortisone IT on days 2 and 7; and cytarabine IT on day 7. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses.

Group 2 (pre-phase B-AL, CNS-negative OR CNS-positive, CSF-negative OR CSF-positive): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; cyclophosphamide IV over 15 minutes on day 1; prednisone PO BID or methylprednisolone IV on days 1-7; methotrexate IT, hydrocortisone IT, and cytarabine IT on days 1, 3, and 5; and leucovorin calcium PO BID on days 2 and 4. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

Arm III (R-COPADM induction therapy): Patients receive rituximab IV on days -2 (course 1) and 1; vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; prednisone PO or methylprednisolone IV on days 1-5; high-dose methotrexate IV over 4 hours* on day 1; leucovorin calcium PO every 6 hours on days 2-4; cyclophosphamide IV over 15 minutes on days 2-4; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV on day 2; and methotrexate IT, hydrocortisone IT, and cytarabine IT on days 2, 4, and 6. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses.

NOTE: *During the second course, patients with CSF-positive disease receive high-dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours (instead of 4 hours).

Consolidation therapy (R-COPADM): Patients receive rituximab IV on day 1; hydrocortisone IT and methotrexate IT on day 1; cytarabine IV over 12 hours on days 1-5; high-dose cytarabine IV over 3 hours on day 2-5; and etoposide IV over 2 hours on days 2-5. If CSF-positive, patients receive high-dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours on day 18, methotrexate IT, hydrocortisone IT, and cytarabine IT on day 19, and leucovorin calcium PO every 6 hours on days 19-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses.

Maintenance therapy (R-COPADM): Patients receive vincristine sulfate IV on day 1; prednisone PO or methylprednisolone IV on days 1-5; high-dose methotrexate IV over 4 hours on day 1; leucovorin calcium PO every 6 hours on days 2-4; cyclophosphamide IV over 15 minutes on days 2-3; doxorubicin hydrochloride over 1 hour on day 2; and methotrexate IT, hydrocortisone IT, and cytarabine IT on day 2. Beginning 28 days later, patients receive cytarabine subcutaneously (SC) every 12 hours on days 1-5 and etoposide IV over 90 minutes on days 1-3.

Arm IV (COPADM induction therapy): Patients receive vincristine sulfate, prednisone or methylprednisolone, high-dose methotrexate*, leucovorin calcium, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and methotrexate, hydrocortisone, and cytarabine IT as in arm III. NOTE: *Patients with CSF-positive disease receive high-dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours (instead of 4 hours).

Consolidation therapy (COPADM): Patients receive hydrocortisone and methotrexate IT, cytarabine, high-dose cytarabine, and etoposide as in arm III consolidation therapy.

Maintenance therapy (COPADM): Patients receive vincristine sulfate, prednisone or methylprednisolone, high-dose methotrexate*, leucovorin calcium, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, methotrexate IT, hydrocortisone IT, cytarabine IT, cytarabine SC, and etoposide as in arm III maintenance therapy.

NOTE: *Patients with CSF-positive disease receive high-dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours.

Blood and tumor tissue samples are collected at baseline, during, and at the completion of study therapy for correlative studies.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed-up for 5 years.

Treatment Sites in Georgia

Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders Center of Children’s at Egleston


1405 Clifton Road NE
3rd Floor
Atlanta, GA 30322
404-785-0853
www.choa.org

**Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. These studies test new ways to prevent, detect, diagnose, or treat diseases. People who take part in cancer clinical trials have an opportunity to contribute to scientists’ knowledge about cancer and to help in the development of improved cancer treatments. They also receive state-of-the-art care from cancer experts... Click here to learn more about clinical trials.
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