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A Study of Combination Chemotherapy for Patients with Newly Diagnosed DAWT and Relapsed FHWT


Active: Yes
Cancer Type: Brain Tumor
Unknown Primary
Wilms Tumor
NCT ID: NCT04322318
Trial Phases: Phase II Protocol IDs: AREN1921 (primary)
AREN1921
NCI-2020-01561
Eligibility: 0 - 30 Years, Male and Female Study Type: Treatment
Study Sponsor: Children's Oncology Group
NCI Full Details: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT04322318

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well combination chemotherapy works in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage II-IV diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumors (DAWT) or favorable histology Wilms tumors (FHWT) that have come back (relapsed). Drugs used in chemotherapy regimens such as UH-3 (vincristine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, carboplatin, etoposide, and irinotecan) and ICE/Cyclo/Topo (ifosfamide, carboplatin, etoposide, cyclophosphamide, and topotecan) work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. This trial may help doctors find out what effects, good and/or bad, regimen UH-3 has on patients with newly diagnosed DAWT and standard risk relapsed FHWT (those treated with only 2 drugs for the initial WT) and regimen ICE/Cyclo/Topo has on patients with high and very high risk relapsed FHWT (those treated with 3 or more drugs for the initial WT).

Objectives

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:
I. To evaluate whether the addition of vincristine/irinotecan to cyclophosphamide/ carboplatin/etoposide alternating with vincristine/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide improves the event-free survival (EFS) of patients with newly diagnosed stage 4 diffuse anaplastic Wilms tumor (DAWT) as compared to historical controls.
II. To evaluate whether the addition of vincristine/irinotecan to cyclophosphamide/carboplatin/etoposide alternating with vincristine/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide improves the EFS of patients with standard-risk relapsed favorable histology Wilms tumor (SRrFHWT) as compared to historical controls.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:
I. To evaluate whether the addition of vincristine/irinotecan to cyclophosphamide/carboplatin/etoposide alternating with vincristine/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide improves the overall survival (OS) of patients with newly diagnosed stage 4 DAWT as compared to historical controls.
II. To evaluate whether the addition of vincristine/irinotecan to cyclophosphamide/carboplatin/etoposide alternating with vincristine/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide improves the OS of patients with SRrFHWT as compared to historical controls.
III. To evaluate whether the addition of vincristine/irinotecan to cyclophosphamide/carboplatin/etoposide alternating with vincristine/doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide improves the EFS and OS of patients with newly diagnosed stage 2 and 3 DAWT as compared to historical controls.
IV. To establish EFS and OS for high-risk (HRrFHWT) and very high risk (VHRrFHWT) relapsed favorable histology Wilms tumor treated with ifosfamide/carboplatin/etoposide alternating with cyclophosphamide/ topotecan.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:
I. To describe renal toxicity of ifosfamide/carboplatin/etoposide in HRrFHWT and VHRrFHWT patients using conventional and novel biomarkers of renal toxicity (urine NGAL, cystatin C and Kim1) in the context of the chemotherapy regimens used on this study.
II. To collect and bank serial blood and urine samples in patients with newly diagnosed DAWT or relapsed FHWT and tumor tissue in patients with relapsed FHWT, for future analysis.
III. To assess the impact of p53 gene and protein expression on outcome for patients with newly diagnosed DAWT.
IV. To determine EFS/OS in the subsets of patients with newly diagnosed DAWT or relapsed FWHT who undergo gross total resection at all disease sites at diagnosis or after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
V. To describe the rate of regional lymph node sampling at the time of nephrectomy with the use of a pre-operative surgical checklist for patients with newly diagnosed DAWT.
VI. To determine the feasibility of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with central quality assurance (QA) monitoring to reduce radiation induced toxicity to the heart, thyroid, breast and solitary kidney for children with lung and liver metastases (part of an overarching aim in this study and across frontline favorable histology Wilms tumor studies).

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I (REGIMEN UH-3):

CYCLES 1, 5, 7, 10, AND 13: Patients receive vincristine intravenously (IV) over 1 minute or via minibag per institutional policy on days 1, 8, and 15. Patients also receive doxorubicin IV over 1-15 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days during cycles 1, 5, 7, 10, and 13 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

CYCLES 2, 6, 9, 12, AND 14: Patients receive carboplatin IV over 15-60 minutes on day 1. Patients also receive cyclophosphamide IV over 15-30 minutes and etoposide IV over 1-2 hours on days 1-4. Treatment repeats every 21 days during cycles 2, 6, 9, 12, and 14 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

CYCLES 3, 4, 8, AND 11: Patients receive vincristine IV over 1 minute or via minibag per institutional policy on days 1 and 8 and irinotecan IV over 90 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 21 days during cycles 3, 4, 8, and 11 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II (REGIMEN IFOSFAMIDE, CARBOPLATIN, ETOPOSIDE [ICE]/CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE [CYCLO]/TOPOTECAN [TOPO]):

CYCLES 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, AND 9: Patients receive carboplatin IV over 15-60 minutes on day 1. Patients also receive etoposide IV over 1-2 hours and ifosfamide IV over 2-4 hours on days 1-3. Treatment repeats every 21 days during cycles 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, and 9 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

CYCLES 3, 6, 8, AND 10: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 15-30 minutes and topotecan IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 21 days during cycles 3, 6, 8, and 10 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for years 1-2, every 6 months for years 3-4, and once at year 5.

Treatment Sites in Georgia

Curtis and Elizabeth Anderson Cancer Institute at Memorial University Medical Center
4700 Waters Avenue
Savannah, GA 31404
912-350-8913
www.memorialhealth.com/anderson-cancer-institute.aspx

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