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Imatinib Mesylate and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients with Newly Diagnosed Philadelphia Chromosome Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia


Active: Yes
Cancer Type: Leukemia NCT ID: NCT03007147
Trial Phases: Phase III Protocol IDs: AALL1631 (primary)
AALL1631
NCI-2016-01588
AALL1631
Eligibility: 1 - 21 Years, Male and Female Study Type: Treatment
Study Sponsor: Children's Oncology Group
NCI Full Details: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT03007147

Summary

This randomized phase III trial studies how well imatinib mesylate works in combination with two different chemotherapy regimens in treating patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Imatinib mesylate has been shown to improve outcomes in children and adolescents with Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+) ALL when given with strong chemotherapy, but the combination has many side effects. This trial is testing whether a different chemotherapy regimen may work as well as the stronger one but have fewer side effects when given with imatinib. The trial is also testing how well the combination of chemotherapy and imatinib works in another group of patients with a type of ALL that is similar to Ph+ ALL. This type of ALL is called “ABL-class fusion positive ALL", and because it is similar to Ph+ ALL, is thought it will respond well to the combination of agents used to treat Ph+ ALL.

Objectives

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:
I. To compare disease-free survival (DFS) of standard risk (SR) pediatric Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with continuous imatinib mesylate (imatinib) combined with either a high-risk Children's Oncology Group (COG) ALL chemotherapy backbone or the more intensive European (Es)PhALL chemotherapy backbone.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:
I. To compare disease free survival (DFS) of SR pediatric Ph+ and ABL-class fusion positive ALL patients treated with continuous imatinib combined with either a high-risk COG-ALL chemotherapy backbone or the more intensive EsPhALL chemotherapy backbone.
II. To determine the feasibility of administration of imatinib after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in high risk Ph+ ALL patients.
III. To determine event-free survival (EFS) of HR pediatric Ph+ ALL patients treated with EsPhALL chemotherapy, HSCT in first complete remission and post-HSCT imatinib.
IV. To compare rates of grade 3 or higher infections in standard risk (SR) Ph+ ALL patients between the two randomized arms.
V. To evaluate event free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) of all eligible Ph+ALL patients enrolled on the study.
VI. To evaluate OS in SR Ph+ ALL patients.
VII. To evaluate OS in HR Ph+ ALL patients.
VIII. To evaluate EFS and OS of all eligible ABL-class fusion positive ALL patients enrolled on the study.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:
I. To describe the toxicities associated with post-HSCT administration of imatinib in HR Ph+ALL patients.
II. To evaluate the long-term toxicities in SR Ph+ ALL patients treated with chemotherapy plus imatinib (no transplant), overall and between randomized arms.
III. To determine prognostic significance of minimal residual disease (MRD) in Ph+ ALL at various time points during therapy.
IV. To determine the prognostic significance of MRD at end of Induction IA.
V. To evaluate MRD in HR patients just prior to HSCT and then at regular intervals post-HSCT and explore the association of these measurements with long-term outcome.
VI. To evaluate concordance of MRD assessments made by IGH-T cell receptor (TCR) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay and next generation sequencing (NGS) assays.
VII. To determine prognostic significance of IKZF1 gene aberrations and deletions in Ph+ ALL patients.
VIII. To determine frequency and prognostic significance of p190 and p210 BCR-ABL1 fusion variants in pediatric Ph+ ALL.
IX. To measure adherence to oral chemotherapeutic agents (imatinib, 6-mercaptopurine, and methotrexate) during the maintenance phase in SR Ph+ ALL patients in COG Centers only.
X. To identify factors associated with poor adherence.
XI. To determine association between relapse risk and adherence to each oral chemotherapeutic agent (separately and combined).
XII. To measure adherence to imatinib after allogeneic HSCT in HR Ph+ ALL patients and identify factors associated with poor adherence in COG Centers only.
XIII. To compare DFS of SR ABL-class fusion positive ALL patients treated with continuous imatinib combined with either a high-risk COG-ALL chemotherapy backbone or the more intensive EsPhALL chemotherapy backbone.

OUTLINE:
INDUCTION IA PART 1: Patients receive induction IA according to standard of care on days 1-14.

INDUCTION IA PART 2: Patients receive imatinib mesylate orally (PO) once daily (QD) or twice daily (BID) on days 15-33, prednisolone PO twice daily (BID) or methylprednisolone intravenously (IV) on days 15-28, vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute on days 15 and 22, daunorubicin hydrochloride IV over 1-15 minutes on days 15 and 22, and methotrexate intrathecally (IT) on day 29.

INDUCTION IB: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID on days 1-35, cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 28, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-28, cytarabine IV or subcutaneously (SC) on days 3-6, 10-13, 17-20, and 24-27, and methotrexate IT on days 10 and 24.

POST-INDUCTION THERAPY: Patients classified as standard risk are randomized to 1 of 2 arms. Patients with high risk are assigned to Arm C.

ARM A:
CONSOLIDATION BLOCK 1: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID on days 1-21, methotrexate IT, cytarabine IT, and therapeutic hydrocortisone IT on day 1, high dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours on day 1, vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute on days 1 and 6, dexamethasone PO BID or IV on days 1-5, cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on days 2-4, leucovorin calcium PO or IV on days 3 and 4, high dose cytarabine IV over 3 hours and pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 5, and filgrastim SC on days 7-11 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

CONSOLIDATION BLOCK 2: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID on days 1-21, methotrexate IT, cytarabine IT, and therapeutic hydrocortisone IT on day 1, high dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours on day 1, dexamethasone PO BID or IV on days 1-5, vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute on days 1 and 6, ifosfamide IV over 1 hour on days 2-4, leucovorin calcium PO or IV on days 3 and 4, dexrazoxane hydrochloride IV over 5-15 minutes and daunorubicin hydrochloride IV over 1-15 minutes on day 5, pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 6, and filgrastim SC on days 7-11 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

CONSOLIDATION BLOCK 3: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID on days 1-21, high dose cytarabine IV over 3 hours on days 1-3, dexamethasone PO BID or IV on days 1-5, etoposide IV over 1-2 hours on days 3-5, methotrexate IT, cytarabine IT, and therapeutic hydrocortisone IT on day 5, pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 6, and filgrastim SC on days 7-11 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

DELAYED INTENSIFICATION 1 PART 1: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID on days 1-35, methotrexate IT on day 1, dexamethasone PO BID or IV on days 1-7 and 15-21, vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute, dexrazoxane hydrochloride IV over 5-15 minutes, and doxorubicin IV over 1-15 minutes on days 8, 15, 22, and 29, and pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 8 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

DELAYED INTENSIFICATION 1 PART 2: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD on days 36-63, cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 36, thioguanine PO on days 36-49, cytarabine IV over 1-30 minutes or SC on days 38-41 and 45-48, and methotrexate IT on days 38 and 45in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

INTERIM MAINTENANCE: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID on days 1-28, methotrexate PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, and mercaptopurine PO on days 1-28 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

DELAYED INTENSIFICATION 2 PART 1: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID on days 1-35, methotrexate IT on day 1, dexamethasone PO BID or IV on days 1-7 and 15-21, vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute, dexrazoxane hydrochloride IV over 5-15 minutes, and doxorubicin IV over 1-15 minutes on days 8, 15, 22, and 29, and pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 8 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

DELAYED INTENSIFICATION 2 PART 2: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD on days 36-49, cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 36, thioguanine PO on days 36-49, cytarabine IV over 1-30 minutes or SC on days 36-39 and 43-46, and methotrexate IT on days 36 and 43 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

MAINTENANCE: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID on days 1-84, methotrexate PO once weekly (QW) and IT on days 1 and 43 of cycles 1, 2, and 3, and mercaptopurine PO on days 1-84. Cycles with imatinib mesylate and mercaptopurine repeat every 84 days for up to 104 weeks from the start of Induction IA in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

ARM B:
INTERIM MAINTENANCE: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID on days 1-63, vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute and high dose methotrexate IV over 24 hours on days 1, 15, 29, and 43, leucovorin calcium PO or IV on days 3-4, 17-18, 31-32, and 45-46, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-56, and methotrexate IT on days 1 and 29 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

DELAYED INTENSIFICATION PART 1: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID on days 1-28, methotrexate IT on day 1, dexamethasone PO BID or IV on days 1-7 and 15-21, vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute, dexrazoxane hydrochloride IV over 5-15 minutes, and doxorubicin IV over 1-15 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15, and pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours or IM on day 4 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

DELAYED INTENSIFICATION PART 2: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD on days 29-56, cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on day 29, thioguanine PO on days 29-42, cytarabine IV over 1-30 minutes or SC on days 29-32 and 36-39, methotrexate IT on days 29 and 36, vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute on days 43 and 50, and pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on day 43 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

INTERIM MAINTENANCE WITH CAPIZZI METHOTREXATE: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID on days 1-56, vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute and methotrexate IV over 2-15 minutes on days 1, 11, 21, 31, and 41, methotrexate IT on days 1 and 31, and pegaspargase IV over 1-2 hours on days 2 and 22 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

MAINTENANCE: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID on days 1-84, vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute on days 1, 29, and 57, prednisolone PO BID (or methylprednisolone IV for cycle 1 and 2) on days 1-5, 29-33, and 57-61, mercaptopurine PO on days 1-84, methotrexate PO QW, and methotrexate IT on day 1 (and day 29 for cycle 1 and 2). Cycles repeat every 84 days for up to 104 weeks from the start of Induction IA in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

ARM C:
CONSOLIDATION BLOCK 1: Patients receive imatinib mesylate, methotrexate, cytarabine, therapeutic hydrocortisone, high dose methotrexate, vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone, leucovorin calcium, high dose cytarabine, and pegaspargase as in Arm A Consolidation Block 1, and filgrastim SC on day 7 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

CONSOLIDATION BLOCK 2: Patients receive imatinib mesylate, methotrexate, cytarabine, therapeutic hydrocortisone, high dose methotrexate, dexamethasone, vincristine sulfate, ifosfamide, leucovorin calcium, dexrazoxane hydrochloride, daunorubicin hydrochloride, pegaspargase, and filgrastim as Arm A Consolidation Block 2 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

CONSOLIDATION BLOCK 3: Patients receive imatinib mesylate, dexamethasone, etoposide, methotrexate, cytarabine, therapeutic hydrocortisone, pegaspargase, and filgrastim as in Arm A Consolidation Block 3, and high dose cytarabine IV over 3 hours on days 1-2 in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

HSCT: Patients undergo HSCT on day 0. Patients who do not proceed to HSCT receive Delayed Intensification 1, Interim Maintenance, Delayed Intensification 2, and Maintenance as in Arm A.

POST-HSCT: Patients receive imatinib mesylate PO QD or BID starting on days 56-365 in the in the absence of disease progression or unexpected toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every year for 3 years.

Treatment Sites in Georgia

Atrium Health Navicent
Oncology Research, Atrium Health Navicent
777 Hemlock Street, MSC 123
(PACC 800 1st St, Ste 250)
Macon, GA 31201
4786332152
www.Atriumhealth.org

Study Coordinator:
Oncology Research Nurse
4786332152
Doctors:





Curtis and Elizabeth Anderson Cancer Institute at Memorial University Medical Center
4700 Waters Avenue
Savannah, GA 31404
912-350-8913
www.memorialhealth.com/anderson-cancer-institute.aspx

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