Pediatric Cancers

Types of Childhood Cancer

Cancer in children can be divided into three groups:

  • Leukemias are cancers of the blood.
  • Lymphomas are cancers of the lymph system.
  • Solid tumors are cancers of the bone, organs, or other tissues in the body.


How Childhood Cancer Differs from Adult Cancer

Cancers in children occur much less often and are different than in adults. Cancer in children usually grows in different types of body tissue. The most common sites of cancer in adults are skin, breast, prostate, lung, and colon. For children, cancers of the blood and bone marrow, lymph tissue, brain, nervous system, muscles, kidneys, and bone are most common. Cancer in children tends to respond better than cancer in adults to treatment.


Causes of Childhood Cancer

Many parents wonder what caused their child’s cancer. They may fear that something they did or did not do caused the disease. As far as we know, nothing that you or your child did caused or could have prevented the cancer. We know that cancer is not contagious. You cannot catch cancer from another person. Scientists are working to find the causes of cancer in children. For now, we do not know the exact cause of most childhood cancers. Only a few childhood cancers are hereditary (passed on from parent to child).


Source: (Accessed July 2016)