RATIONALE: Assessing ways to help patients who have acute lymphoblastic leukemia to take their medications as prescribed may help them in taking their medications more consistently and may improve treatment outcomes
PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is assessing compliance to a mercaptopurine treatment intervention compared to standard of care in younger patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in remission.
- Determine the impact of the intervention program (IP) on adherence to mercaptopurine (6MP) using the following adherence assessments: Frequency of 6MP dosing using MEMS (primary measure of adherence); 6MP dosage- and thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT)-normalized serial red blood cell (RBC) thioguanine nucleotide (6TGN) levels; and self-report of adherence.
- Examine the modifying effect of socio-demographic and clinical characteristics as well as health beliefs/knowledge on changes in adherence with the IP.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to ethnic background (Hispanic vs non-Hispanic white vs African-American). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 intervention arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive the Patients Supply Kit containing an electronic pill monitoring system, a Medication Event Monitoring Systems (MEMS®) medication bottle with TrackCap™ with standard resistant cap, and written instructions for the patient and pharmacist. Parents and/or caregivers are also trained to supervise patients' intake of the medication. Beginning on day 1, patients start using the MEMS® medication bottle with TrackCap™ . Clinical research assistants contact patients and parents by telephone the next day to confirm that TrackCap™ is being used, to identify any obstacles, and to determine solutions. Beginning on day 29, patients and caregivers view an interactive multimedia educational program on-line or via DVD. Patients also receive a customized electronic mercaptopurine schedule and automated customized text message reminders delivered via cellular phone or web-based interface. Patients and caregivers are instructed to return the MEMS® medication bottle with TrackCap™ to the clinic by day 141.
- Arm II: Patients receive the usual standard of care and the mercaptopurine from the MEMS® medication bottle with TrackCap™ as patients in arm I.
Patients and parents and/or caregivers in both arms complete the Demographic and the Acculturation Questionnaires on day 1. Patients and/or caregivers in arm I also complete the Adherence Questionnaires on days 29, 57, and 141 and the Intervention Rating Questionnaire on day 141.
Blood samples are collected on days 1, 29, 57, and 141 for thiopurine methyltransferase phenotyping and thioguanine nucleotide levels by high-performance chromatography.